The Committee is responsible for the development of guidelines and standards and these are published as Administrative Orders on the website of the Bureau of Animal Industry. There are also contradictions in Philippine legislation as under Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001), it is illegal to collect, hunt or possess wildlife species, both flora and fauna, without a valid permit. There are no limitations on the type of research allowed to be conducted on animals (both domestic and wild) and animals used for veterinary products are not provided further protections in supplementary Administrative Orders, nor are invertebrates offered any protections beyond the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. 21 of 2003 provides rules and regulations for pet shops, which, like other Administrative Orders from the Bureau of Animal Industry, embeds the Five Freedoms for animals in pet shops. The cultural acceptance of these practices acts as a significant barrier to improving animal welfare in the Philippines. A couple who performed an operation on their pregnant dog has been charged with animal cruelty, an animal welfare group said Tuesday. It is noted that the October 2013 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 include an explanation of animal welfare as pertaining to the physical and psychological well-being of animals, and including the avoidance of abuse, maltreatment, cruelty and exploitation by humans by maintaining appropriate standards and the assurance of freedom from fear, distress, harassment, and unnecessary discomfort and pain, and allowing animals to express normal behaviour (section 1). In recent years, the Philippine Government has created a new Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan 2015-2028 (2015) and aligned Wildlife Law Enforcement Action Plan 2018-2028 (2018). Section 5.2 of Administrative Order No. 12 of 2002 provides transport recommendations and prohibitions for the transport of chickens.  Administrative Order No. Supporting the local community by buying and employing locally is an important part of the AARRC philosophy, which is that “Animal Welfare Equals Human Welfare”. While law protecting wild animals, Act No 9147 of 2001 (the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act) , does not explicitly recognise animal sentience it does recognise their ability to suffer physical pain under Section 27 where it is illegal to maltreat and/or inflict injury to wild species. 25 dictate that animals shall only be sacrificed using humane procedures or methods and should not be exposed to unnecessary pain or distress before or during the ritual. 12 of 2002 farms with more than 40,000 broiler chickens are required to have an attending veterinarian. • The Government is encouraged to enshrine the 3 Rs Principles – Replacement, Reduction and Refinement - in law. PAWS Animal Rehabilitation Center (PARC) Aurora Blvd. The Animal Welfare Act of 1998 sets a foundation for protecting animal welfare and the issues associated with the suffering of animals in the Philippines. Efforts should be made to release animals into their natural habitat. • The Government of the Philippines is strongly encouraged to promote humane dog population management, which relies on promoting responsible ownership, mass dog vaccinations and reproduction control programmes. Section 6 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 permits the killing of animals for the purpose of animal population control. While firearms usage is allowed, such usage is confined to highly skilled personnel, such as members of the Philippine National Police or Armed Forces.Administrative Order 54 of 2000  provides a code of standards for Veterinary Clinics and Hospitals for small companion animals which places responsibility for their maintenance and operation on the Bureau of Animal Industry. Administrative Order No. At a minimum, the Government is urged to forbid the use of the cruellest hunting methods. While it appears that wild animals (unless captive) may not be protected by the anti-cruelty provisions of the Act; the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001), does provide anti-cruelty provisions for wildlife. • The Government of the Philippines is urged to prohibit the organisation of and attendance to entertainment events causing animal suffering. It promotes adopting instead of buying pets in … The order also states that there must be a minimum of two veterinarians at each show and that the show area and paraphernalia must not cause distress, injury or physical discomfort to the dogs. They also must allow their animals ample time to rest. Section 15.4.d does stipulate however that the Animal Welfare Protocol must be observed. Much of the legislation goes beyond considerations of animal health from human health and productivity perspectives signifying that animal welfare is important in the Philippines. In fact, many of the supporting Administrative Orders supporting animal welfare legislation are more than a decade old. There are significant barriers to improving captive animal welfare in the country owing to the willingness of the Bureau of Animal Industry to allow entertainment shows involving the use of wild animals and to grant permission for the keeping of dolphins in captivity, and the cultural acceptance of the use of such animals in entertainment. 8 of 1999, there are further Administrative Orders governing the use of animals in some forms of entertainment. Use of sharp and pointed spurs and ‘excessive’ use of the whip during the race or at all afterwards is also prohibited. However, existing legislation, including secondary regulations on the subject, is not sufficiently detailed and welfare-focused to ensure companion animals, both owned and stray have a good quality of life. 21 of 2003  provides rules and regulations for pet shops, which, like other Administrative Orders from the Bureau of Animal Industry, embeds the Five Freedoms for animals in pet shops. Similarly, there is a lack of legislation banning inherently cruel and unnecessary practices such as fur farming, long-distance transport of live animals and testing on animals for cosmetics, including on wild caught animals. Responsibility for animals during transport is divided (under Section 3) between animal owners, managers and subcontractors and animal caretakers/handlers. Administrative Order No 8. Under Administrative Order No. The Government of the Philippines is recommended to align all animal welfare legislation and jurisdictions under one government department with enough resources for education, enforcement and to continue to improve animal welfare. 32 of 2000  regarding dog shows states that shows must adhere to the Five Freedoms. [REPUBLIC ACT NO. Animal welfare organizations are concerned with the health, safety and psychological wellness of individual animals. There is no policy or legislation related specifically to the rearing of dairy cattle and calves. The Philippines also received the OIE’s ‘Improved Animal Welfare Programme’ during May of 2013.  This programme takes a ‘train the trainers’ approach to the welfare of animals during transport and slaughter, which is a major component of the OIE’s animal welfare standards. This section also stipulates that the Animal Welfare Protocol must be observed, however no detail of such Protocol has been provided. Certificates for commercial facilities can be revoked or cancelled for failure to comply with the condition that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain or suffering to animals (section 2). This does not apply to animal control centres, catteries, kennels and pet shops. Group activity workshop of the participants of the Consultation Meeting on the Creation of GAHP Inspection Checklist for Poultry held in Cebu City on May 29-31, 2017. 9 of 2011, while regulating the methods of euthanasia for companion animals, including that euthanasia is required to take into consideration that animals be free from physical discomfort, pain, fear and distress; allows it to be undertaken for the purpose of animal population control (Section 5.2.c) – however this is only to be done by a licensed veterinarian. Dog and horse fighting are banned outright in the Animal Welfare Act (1998), whereas cockfighting is not. 15 includes the prohibition of tail docking and ear trimming (except for health reasons), soring or firing and facial branding. The Act also established both a national and regional Wildlife Management Committee which both include government and scientific representation.  The Act also mandates the creation of Wildlife Enforcement Officers in the national police force, armed forces, National Bureau of Investigation as well as from NGOs, citizens groups, community organisations and other volunteers. The stated purpose of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 is to protect and promote the welfare of all terrestrial, aquatic and marine animals in the Philippines. Section 3 also allows the Director to call upon ‘any Government agency for assistance consistent with its powers, duties, and responsibilities for the purpose of ensuring the effective and efficient implementation of this Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder’. However, regardless of the resulting condition to the animal/s, the penalty of two (2) years and one (1) day to three (3) years and/or a fine not exceeding Two hundred fifty thousand pesos (P250,000.00) shall be imposed if the offense is committed by any of the following: (1) a syndicate; (2) an offender who makes business out of cruelty to an animal; (3) a public officer or employee; or (4) where at least three (3) animals … In pledging in principle support for the UDAW, the three departments in question have recognised animal welfare as an individual issue and also provided a platform to incorporate animal welfare issues into a mainstream agenda linked to other work streams and policies for which they are responsible. 15 embeds the Five Freedoms. Zoos must be designed with environmental enrichment facilities to minimise the risks of development of neurotic behaviour in the animals (section 3.2.5.3). • The Government is strongly urged to develop Administrative Orders with regulations aligned to OIE standards for other farm animal species including cattle and wild farmed species. The signing of the Memorandum of Agreement between the Bureau of Animal Industry and some participating State Universities and Colleges of the Philippines for Animal Health held at the Animal Health Training and Information Center on April 21, 2017. Beyond these, the only specific provision that is stated to apply to laboratories requires that handouts on the care of the animals must accompany every sale, which does not appear to be relevant to such facilities. Given the differentiation between domesticated and captive-bred animals, this order is applicable to wild animals being held for the purposes of pet-keeping. This administrative order allows for the use of farrowing creates but they must be large enough for the sow to lie down at full length without leg restriction. There are no provisions within legislation regarding companion animals (that are not domesticated) regarding permits, nor importation for exotic species. However, the Act permits the commercial breeding of wild animals and the collection of non-threatened wild animals from their wild state, which can have significant welfare implications. Administrative Order No. Both the Department of Agriculture and the Bureau of Animal Industry have a wide-reaching influence through the farming industry and food business in the country. 21 (2003), pet animals are defined as “domestic, domesticated and captive-bred animals intended for protection, utility, companionship, therapy, values formation and breeding”. However, there are challenges in improving animal welfare in a country where farming methods range from backyard farming to large commercial operations and where social and cultural attitudes to animals may inhibit efforts. The Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) has been dedicated to the protection of animals and the promotion of humane treatment since 1954. These animals should be retired to large seaside sanctuaries, which allow for an increased range of natural behaviours. The Philippine Animal Welfare Society is a volunteer-based, non-government organization whose goal is to prevent animal cruelty through education, animal sheltering and advocacy, based in Quezon City, Philippines. Administrative Order No. Section 2 of the Animal Welfare Act (1998) requires that certificates of registration are obtained by anyone involved with the commercial use of animals (including in zoos), and such certificates will only be issued upon proof, and on condition, that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain and suffering to the animals. The Philippines has its own national association for zoos and aquariums. 25 of 2016 are more limited for wild animals than corresponding Administrative Orders for farm animals for example. All animals presented for slaughter are to be stunned (rendered immediately unconscious) except in the case of religious or ritual slaughter. We cannot exist without our fellow creatures and they need us. The sanctuary is a safe haven to 650 homeless animals. In relation to wild animals that are not captive, section 27 of Act No 9147 of 2001, the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act, prohibits inflicting injury which cripples and/or impairs the reproductive systems of wild animals (27(b)) or otherwise maltreating or inflicting injuries to wild animals (27(h)). Administrative Order No. However, flank straps and electric prods are permitted, as is calf roping, although this is permitted to be on foot only. Administrative Order No 8 of 1999 provides some more detailed rules on the registration of facilities including animal control facilities (such as pounds, shelters and quarantine centres), aviaries, catteries, kennels and pet shops. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled. By working together with the OIE on various key issues relating to animal health and welfare, animal welfare is recognised as an independent issue and its recognition as a mainstream concern for society in the Philippines is being progressed. 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